My main research interest is the notion of prime matter, especially in consideration of Premodern discussions of matter-theories in philosophy and science (1200-1700). Following Aristotle, Premodern metaphysicians postulated the existence of an unqualified prime matter whose traits are non-resolvable into the qualifications of a “materiality” that natural philosophy and science usually ascribe to material things (i.e., things made of matter). The discrepancy between the concepts of matter and materiality (their theoretical surplus on metaphysical and physical considerations of substance) is a meaningful thread which led to key-adjustments and a later abandonment of matter-theories based on Aristotle in the Early-Modern Period. My hypothesis is that central epistemological reasons were behind this detachment from prime matter. Premodern thinkers adopted diverse strategies to root the conditions of knowability and intelligibility of prime matter on a solid ground. My current analysis displays the relevance these thinkers bestowed upon the task of establishing an epistemic ground for prime matter, a lack of which would have weakened the whole edifice of Aristotle’s natural philosophy—as it did eventually.
Another strand of my research is the examination of how texts, doctrines, and instruments circulated in Premodern times throughout the Mediterranean Basin and beyond the limits of socio-cultural niches. I have worked for years on the history of cultural and scientific cross-pollination in Medieval Iberia, with special attention paid to the “Toledan ontologies” related Dominicus Gundissalinus (twelfth century)—Avicenna, Ibn Gabirol, al-Ghazali, Ibn Daud. My research focuses on the effects the dissemination of these theories throughout Premodern Europe has had, particularly concerning the English tradition (Robert Grosseteste and Roger Bacon). Indeed, in my opinion the influence of Islamicate texts and practices on the Latin reshaping of Aristotelian natural philosophy is essential to understand the processes that led to the seventeenth-century “scientific revolution”.
Funded Research Projects
Knowing the Shadow: Ontology and Epistemology of Matter in the Thirteenth Century.
Implementation: Humboldt Universität zu Berlin (DE), September 2018 to August 2020.
Sponsor: Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung.
The Metaphysics of Grosseteste and Bacon: Between Philosophy and Science.
Implementation: Durham University (UK), July 2016 to June 2018.
Sponsor: Durham University, DIFeREns2 and European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 609412.
La scuola di traduttori di Toledo, Gundisalvi e l’influenza avicenniana sul pensiero latino tra XII e XIII secolo.
Implementation: Università di Pavia (IT), January to June 2016.
Sponsor: Chimaera Foundation – Centro studi di Filosofia Medievale Maria Elena Reina.
Gundissalinus’ Reception of Universal Hylomorphism and Its Influence in the 13th Century.
Implementation: University of Notre Dame (IN, USA), February to May 2015.
Sponsor: University of Notre Dame and SIEPM.
Organisation of Conferences and Panels
De intellectu. Greek, Arabic, Latin, and Hebrew Texts and Their Influence on Medieval Philosophy. A Tribute to Rafael Ramón Guerrero.
International Conference. Organised with J. Higuera, C. López, P. Mantas, J. Meirinhos. Universidade do Porto. Porto (PT), 6-7 February 2020.
Greek-Hebrew-Arabic into Latin: The Sources of Early Scholasticism.
International Conference. Organised with L. Schumacher. King’s College London. London (UK), 23-24 January 2020.
Medieval Philosophical Gatherings (Wintersemester 2019).
Series of Lectures on Ancient, Medieval, and Early-Modern Philosophy. Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Berlin (DE), Oct-Dec 2019.
Matters Entagled. An Early-Career Symposium on History and Philosophy.
Symposium. Organised with E. Baltuta. Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Berlin (DE), 12 July 2019.
Medieval Philosophical Gatherings (Sommersemester 2019).
Series of Lectures on Ancient, Medieval, and Early-Modern Philosophy. Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Berlin (DE), Apr-July 2019.
Pre-Modern Experiences and the Limits of Science.
Panel at the 2017 Meeting of the History of Science Society. Toronto, ON (Canada), 9-12 November 2017.
Translating Experience: Medieval Encounters with Nature, Self, and God.
(with K. Krause) International conference at Durham University, Durham (UK), 4-6 June 2017.
Da Stagira a Parigi: prospettive aristoteliche tra Antichità e Medioevo.
(with C. Blengini, S. Gastaldi, and C. Zizza) International conference at the Università di Pavia, Pavia (IT), 30-31 May 2016.
Idee, testi e autori arabi ed ebraici e la loro ricezione latina.
International conference at the Università di Pavia, Pavia (IT), 3-4 December 2014.
Pensare a Weimar. Figure del pensiero tedesco nella Germania della crisi.
(with L. De Giovanni) Conference at the Università di Pavia (IT), 10-12 December 2013.
Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval (with Alexander Fidora and Pedro Mantas España), 2018-present.
Since March 2018, I am Editor of the Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval. REFIME is an yearly scholarly publication, which is indexed and peer-reviewed, and distributed by the University of Zaragoza’s Publication Service. Revista is the official journal of SOFIME, a Society mainly gathering scholars from Spain, Portugal, and South America, but also from the rest of Europe and North America. Its official venue is the University of Zaragoza. Revista is continuously published since 1993, with scientific contributions in Spanish, English, French, German, Portuguese, and Italian. The submitted articles must be original contributions to the discussion on medieval thought and the transmission of knowledge (from the Middle Ages up to the Early-Modern Period), with a special interest on authors and texts of the Iberian Peninsula, even though also contributions related to the intellectual tradition of Late Antiquity are welcomed.
Collaborator and Peer-reviewer
Of many journals and publishers among which: SISMEL, Micrologus, Anuario Filosófico, Mediterranea, Revista de Humanidades, Enrahonar, EUNSA, etc.
Grants and Honours
Departamento de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, University of Cordoba (ES), since 2019.
Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici, Università di Pavia (IT), since 2014.
Seal of Excellence of the European Commission
2018. Awarded for the research project ‘Knowing the Shadow: Knowledge and Experience of Matter in the Middle Ages’ (n. 793587).
Alexander von Humboldt Research Grant
2018. Awarded by the Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung for the project “Knowing the Shadow.”
Implementation at the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin (DE), September 2018 to August 2020.
2016. Awarded by the Chimaera Foundation – Centro studi di Filosofia Medievale Maria Elena Reina for the research project “La scuola di traduttori di Toledo.”
Implementation at the Università di Pavia (IT), January to June 2016.
SIEPM Research Grant
2015. Awarded by the University of Notre Dame and Société Internationale pour l’Étude de la Philosophie Médiévale (SIEPM) for the research project “Gundissalinus’ Reception of Universal Hylomorphism.”
Implementation at the University of Notre Dame (IN, USA), February to May 2015.
2012-2015 . Università di Pavia (IT). Competitive grant. Admission rate (2012/13): 2,24%.
MEMBERSHIP OF INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH PROJECTS
Greek-Arabic and Latin Biblical and Patristic Manuscripts.
University of Cordoba (ES), 2019-present.
The Ordered Universe.
Durham University and University of Oxford (UK), AHRC-funded Research Project, 2016-2019.
The Ordered Universe is a cutting-edge research project based in Durham, UK, and directed by Giles Gasper. Its aims are as simple as tough: joining together, on the one hand, historians, philosophers, and theologians, and, on the other hand, theoretical physicists, cosmologists, and engineers to study Robert Grosseteste’s scientific opuscula. Since years, the Ordered Universe Project has opened a new landscape for the methodology and approach to the history of medieval science, proving that a collaboration between scientists and humanists is not only possible, but also desirable.
Aristotelica Portugalensia. The Reception of Aristotle in Portugal until the 18th Century.
University of Porto (PT), 2018-present.
Based at the Institute of Philosophy of the University of Porto (PT), the RG intends to do systematic research exploring four thematic fields, which were pivotal in philosophy from the 13th to 17th Century. Expected results of this research are mainly critical editions, studies and papers, translations, cataloguing and description of sources, materials and tools for research (with in situ research of manuscripts or acquisition of reproductions).
Reason, Politics and Society in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy.
University of Porto (PT), 2018-present.
The investigation takes into account the great authors from the end of Classical Antiquity to the end of Second Scholasticism (Augustine, Boethius, Scotus Eriugena, Anselm, Abelard, Bernard, Albert the Great, Aquinas, Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, Ockham, Nicholas of Cues, Fonseca, Suárez, Poinsot). But there is a particular interest in the study of authors and texts traditionally considered minor, since there is an understanding that they are deserving of close examination, given that their study contributes to the renovation of thought and emergency of new concepts and arguments.
Hermeneutica Patrística y Medieval.
University of Navarra (ES), 2016-2018.
Based in Pamplona and directed by Maria Jesús Soto Bruna, the research group analyses some fundamental metaphysical and theological themes, such as the causality of the One, the concept of Logos, and the ontological difference between God and creatures, discussed through the long Middle Ages. The group counts many brilliant scholar from Europe and Latin America, and its outcomes will soon be published on a dedicated volume.
MEMBERSHIP OF COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH NETWORKS
Aquinas and ‘the Arabs’ International Working Group.
Marquette University (WI, USA), 2016-present. https://academic.mu.edu/taylorr/Aquinas_and_the_Arabs/Aquinas_&_the_Arabs.html
Cordoba Near Eastern Research Unit.
University of Cordoba (ES), 2018-present.
Roger Bacon: The Philosopher’s Workshop.
Società Internazionale per lo Studio del Medioevo Latino, Florence (IT), 2016-present. https://rogeriusbacon.com/
DB Roger Bacon.
Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, 2016-present.
Membership of Learned Societies
Société Internationale pour l’Étude de la Philosophie Médiévale (SIEPM), since 2013.
History of Science Society (HSS), since 2017.
Sociedad de Filosofía Medieval (SOFIME), since 2012.
British Society for the Philosophy of Science (BSPS), since 2019.
Società Italiana per lo Studio del Pensiero Medievale (SISPM), since 2013.
Society for Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy (SMRP), since 2015.
American Cusanus Society (ACS), since 2017.
International Robert Grosseteste Society, since 2012.
Membership of Scientific Committees
The Multi-ethnic Borderlands of Medieval Toledo: New Directions
International conference organised by Texas State University. Toledo (ES), June 5-7 2019.
Science, Imagination and Wonder – Robert Grosseteste and His Legacy
International conference organised by the University of Oxford and Durham University. Pembroke College, Oxford (UK), 3-6 April 2018.
Faculty of Philosophy, University of Oxford.
Oxford (UK), Jan-April 2020.
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science.
Berlin (DE), Oct-Dec 2019.
The Warburg Institute, University of London.
London (UK), July-Sept 2014.
The Warburg Institute, University of London.
London (UK), July-Aug 2013.
Communication and Outreach
Co-Founder, Extensions Project.
Collaborative framework of philosophers, scientists, and artists working on the limits of knowledge, 2019-presents. Web: https://extensionsofreality.com/
Communication Manager, Sociedad de Filosofía Medieval (SOFIME).
Editorial Collaborator, Medioevo Latino/MEL Project.
Società Internazionale per lo Studio del Medioevo Latino (SISMEL), since 2011.
Ph.D. Student Representative.
Università di Pavia (IT), Department of Humanities Council, 2013.
Università di Siena (IT), Council of the School of Letter and Philosophy, 2008-2010.