Leuven and Playa Ancha, 11 March to 2 December 2022

A very common narrative in the history of both philosophy and science reconstructs the dawn of early-modern thought as a clean break from the dusk of Scholasticism and its Aristotelian roots. The workshop Divergent Scholasticism: Philosophical Thought and Scholastic Tradition between Europe and the Americas, 1500-1700 focuses on a different story. It is a story made of continuities and ruptures within late Scholasticism and nourished by refined theoretical elaboration and wide transmission of knowledge between the two shores of the Atlantic Ocean. Expanding from Europe (Leuven, Salamanca, and Coimbra) to Latin America and Asia, Second Scholasticism has received growing attention from scholarship only in recent decades. Organised by Abel Aravena Zamora, Christophe Geudens, and Nicola Polloni, the aim of Divergent Scholasticism is to foster a collaborative global network of interested scholars to better understand the specificities of such long-neglected debate.

Given the goal of Divergent Scholasticism, the workshop hosts experts on a varied set of philosophical and scientific domains delving into a diverse series of topics. Such interdisciplinary approach is aimed at reconstructing the plural dimension of Second Scholasticism, particularly concerning its American developments. Consequently, the workshop will dive into a multiplicity of themes linked together by two main strands:

(1) The formation of the Latin American philosophical tradition in the virreinatos of New Spain and Peru, in particular concerning logic, metaphysics, and natural philosophy.

(2) The reception and application of philosophical and scientific thought elaborated in ancient, medieval, and early-modern Europe with specific attention paid on medicine, theology, pedagogy, and law.

Divergent Scholasticism will unfold remotely (on Zoom) with six sessions (one every 5 weeks, approximately) dedicated to specific aspects of the debate. Starting in March 2022, the workshop will bring together scholars from Europe and Latin America, blending their unique expertise into an overreaching discussion of theories, problems, and methods adopted by Second Scholasticism. Session attendance will be open to anyone interested in the discussion, free of charge.

Organisers: Abel Aravena Zamora, Christophe Geudens, and Nicola Polloni

Official Website

Erik Åkerlund
Newman Institute Uppsala

Guido Alt
University of Stockholm

Carlos Arturo Arias
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Virginia Aspe Armella
Universidad Panamericana

Mário Carvalho
Universidade de Coimbra

Francisco Castilla Urbano
Universidad de Alcalá

Mário João Correia
Universidade do Porto

Simone Guidi

Miroslav Hanke
Akademie věd České republiky

Roberto Hofmeister Pich
PUC Rio Grande do Sul

Manuel Lázaro Pulido
UI de La Rioja

Roberto Marconi
Universidad San Sebastián

Germán Morong
Universidad Bernardo O’Higgins

Álvaro Ojalvo
Universidad Finis Terrae

Milko Pretell García
UNM San Marcos

Sylvain Roudaut
University of Stockholm

Jacob Schmutz
UC Louvain

Anna Tropia
Univerzita Karlova Praha

11 March 2022
Opening session

4 pm (Brussels) | 12 noon (Santiago del Chile)

Erik ÅkerlundThe King’s Power and the Power of the People: On a Conundrum in Suarez’s Political Philosophy

Anna TropiaSeeking for Jesuit Psychology: Mapping Manuscripts and Common Places from the College de Clermont (1564-1580)

Roberto Hofmeister PichThe Teaching of Logic in Latin American Scholasticism: Jeronimo Valera O.F.M. (1568-1625) and the Logic ad mentem Scoti

21 April 2022

4 pm (Brussels) | 10 am (Santiago del Chile)

Virginia Aspe ArmellaLa fundación de la Real Universidad de México: su currículo y análisis de un caso

Germán Morong, Flemáticos y sanguíneos; los indios y la circulación del saber médico en la Historia del Nuevo Mundo de Bernabé Cobo (1651)

Mario Carvalho, How Divergent Was Latin-American Scholasticism? A still unanswerable question. Brazil, and Maranhão as a Methodological Case-Study

27 May 2022

4 pm (Brussels) | 10 am (Santiago del Chile

Francisco Castilla UrbanoLa revisión gnoseológica del escolasticismo por el jesuita José de Acosta

Álvaro OjalvoLa circulación del cuerpo masculino hispano e indígena entre los saberes médicos, teológicos y jurídicos (España y América, siglos XVI y XVII)

Roberto MarconiLibertad académica y tradición en filosofía: Miguel de Viñas S.J., filósofo en Chile del siglo XVIII

7 October 2022

4 pm (Brussels) | 11 am (Santiago del Chile)

Manuel Lázaro PulidoLas razones del compartir. Fundamentos teológicos y filosóficos de la transmisión de conocimiento de los franciscanos a América

Carlos Arturo AriasDictados sobre la justicia y el derecho: aulas y manuscritos neogranadinos

Milko Pretell GarcíaLogica Scholastica Barroca Peruviana: La recepción de la lógica y su desarrollo en la Academia limensis

24 November 2022

4 pm (Brussels) | 12 noon (Santiago del Chile)

Jacob SchmutzSeeing Clearly in a Confused Environment: Carmelite Philosophers in the Amazonian Forest

Guido AltLogical Form and Consequence: John Mair and Domingo de Soto

Miroslav Hanke, Termini naturales and Libelli sophistarum. British Physics Textbooks from around 1500

24 November 2022

4 pm (Brussels) | 12 noon (Santiago del Chile)

Sylvain RoudautPedro da Fonseca’s Theory of Modes: Its Sources and Influence

Mário João CorreiaPedro Luis (1538-1602): A Forgotten Advocate of scientia media

Simone GuidiThe Angelic Knowledge of the Future Singulars: Suárez and Poinsot